Causes, treatment and prevention of chronic kidney diseases in dogs

A very common problem among the older canines, kidney failure is basically when your dog is unable to remove the toxic body wastes of his body. Now seeing your dog in pain is the hardest thing ever but there are some effective treatments and Read on to know more about chronic diseases in dogs and how to take care of it.

Causes, treatment and prevention of chronic kidney diseases in dogs

The myth about kidney functioning

Do you think that your dog is perfectly healthy and has well-functioning kidneys just because he’s urinating a lot more than he used to? Well you’d be surprised to know that it’s exactly the opposite! The kidneys fail to process body waste and eliminate it, the toxic substances remain and your dog just pees out water! Initially he would just drink more water until it is impossible for the kidneys to process any more toxic waste.

The reason behind kidney failures

In order to fight the problem at hand you must know what causes it in the first place. Check out the reasons that cause chronic kidney failure among dogs:

  • Old age
  • Parasites, bacterial or viral infections
  • A side effect to some medication
  • Amyloidosis, i.e. aggravated protein accumulation in the kidney
  • Inflammation or the Autoimmune disease
  • Genetic disorder

Signs and symptoms you should watch out for:

The scariest thing about chronic kidney failures is that the initial stages show no noticeable outward signs; it gradually grows over time and then attacks when you least expect it. Mentioned below are some symptoms you must look out for; if you observe them, we advise you don’t lose time and visit animal hospitals in your area.

You should worry because?

Well other than the very obvious fact that chronic kidney failures cause accumulation of toxic substances in your dog’s body, it also causes many other problems as well:

  • Stinky breath and mouth ulcers
  • Water loss and dehydration
  • Damaged eyesight and high blood pressure
  • Loss of RBCs may even cause Anemia
  • Swollen belly and limbs.

What can you do about it?

Kidney failures are somewhat reversible, whether it is perennial (kidney malfunction that decrease the blood supply) or post renal (an obstruction that blocks the passage). Here are some treatment options and tips you can follow:

  • Fluid therapy: An increase in fluid content keeps your dog energized and hydrated. However if the kidney failure is in its later stages then artificial injection of subcutaneous and intravenous fluids are necessary to keep up the potassium levels.
  • Protein diet: A high protein diet of canned dog food is recommended as it decreases the pressure on the kidneys. Including vitamins and minerals also keeps the gastrointestinal tracts clear and even strengthens the bones and muscles.
  • Medications such as ACE Inhibitors, Phosphorous binders, Calcitriols and potassium supplements also work wonders.
  • If all else fails then kidney transplant and dialysis is the only option. Getting your pet insured is one of the best preventive measures you can take today.

Some measures to ensure a long life for your dog:

Listed below are some measures you can take to ensures that you dog lives a long and healthy life:

  • Monitor his diet
  • Lots of water, vitamins, sunshine
  • Be careful about the medicines you give him
  • Regular check-ups

The bottom line

While these methods mentioned above are really effective in curing chronic kidney diseases, it all boils down to how your dog responds to these treatments.


Denise Walton holds expertise in the area of pet training, health and welfare. She enjoys working with pets, training them to do anything from tricks, agility, obedience, and herding. She loves to help others learn to train their dogs and develop a positive relationship with each other.

 

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